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Liver Diseases

Did you know that the liver is the largest single organ in our human body? Weighing about 1.5 kgs the liver plays a vital role in nurturing and protecting your body everyday, with clockwork precision...

Pancreatic Diseases

Pancreatic Diseases is surgery to remove a disea-sed or injured liver and replace it with a healthy whole liver or a segment of a liver from another person, called a donor. A successful liver transplant is a life saving treatment...

Biliary Diseases

Biliary Diseases is the only treatment option that can lead to a meaningful prolonged survival in pancreatic cancer and, in some instances, perhaps a potential chance for cure. With the advent of organ and function preserving...


Dr. Rakesh Rai is a Senior Consultant Surgeon who heads the Transplant program at Fortis Hospital, Mumbai. Dr. Rai has trained extensively in hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery and solid organ transplantation (liver, kidney, pancreas).

He has spent almost 15 years in UK and USA working in some of the most renowned transplant centers in the world. He trained in HPB surgery and abdominal organ transplantation in UK in centers like Royal Free Hospital, London, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle and Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham. He then moved to US and finished his American Society of Transplant Surgeon (ASTS) accredited fellowship at Methodist Transplant Institute at Memphis. Read More»


Who needs a liver transplant?
Anyone with a long-standing (chronic) or sudden onset (acute) severe liver disease leading to liver failure needs to be considered for a liver transplant. The common diseases requiring transplant are advanced liver disease due to Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, or alcohol induced damage. The other diseases for which this is done are biliary problems like primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis and biliary atresia (children), metabolic diseases, and primary liver cancer.

What are the symptoms of liver disease?
Mild or moderate liver disease may cause no symptoms at all. Severe liver disease causes water retention (swollen ankles, water in the abdomen or ascites), loss of energy and weakness, jaundice, blood vomiting or black stools, drowsiness, confusion or some behavioral changes, and repeated infections especially in the abdominal fluid (ascites). The common abnormalities in the blood tests are low blood counts (Hb, TLC, platelets), prolonged prothrombin time, low serum albumin and increased serum bilirubin. In advanced stages, serum sodium and creatinine are also affected.

Who can be a liver donor?
For living donation, the person must be a close relative aged between 18-55 years, have a matching blood group, and weigh between 50-90kg (but not fat).

Is liver donation safe?
Liver donation is very safe since the liver has great reserve and regenerates to its original size quickly (within 2-3 months) after a part of it is removed. The donor suffers from no long-term effects, does not have to take any medication beyond 2-3 weeks, and is back to normalcy in a month. He/she can resume strenuous physical activity (weight lifting etc) in 3 months

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Hinduja Hospital (Transplant Surgery Department)
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